Official Version as of 1Heshvan 5767 - October 22, 2006. This is a highly abridged excerpt of the constitution for informational purposes only. To read the official Likud constitution in its entirety (in Hebrew), click here. Source: http://en.netanyahu.org.il/likud/constitution/.
Article 1: Name of the Party
The name of the party : The Likud, a National-Liberal Party
Article 2: General purposes
1. The Likud is a national-liberal party which advocates the ingathering of the exiles, the integrity of the Jewish homeland, human freedom and social justice, and it strives to achieve these goals:
a. Bringing together the Jewish people in the Land of Israel, ingathering its dispersed people, cultivating love of the country in the hearts of the people, and recognizing the shared destiny of all of the Jewish people.
b. Safeguarding the right of the Jewish people to the Land of Israel as an eternal, inalienable right, working diligently to settle and develop all parts of the land of Israel, and extending national sovereignty to them.
c. Exercising state sovereignty and maintaining security and true peace with our neighbors.
d. Instilling the eternal values of the Jewish heritage in education and in national life, safeguarding moral values and ethical principles and establishing a moral society in the Land of Israel.
e. Maintaining a democratic form of government: guaranteeing the supremacy of law, human and civil rights, freedom of conscience, individual freedoms, equal rights and opportunities of all citizens of the state and preventing discrimination on the grounds of gender, race, ethnic origin, religion, status, or viewpoint.
f. Integrating minority populations into the national and party organizations.
g. Strengthening the state economy and creating the proper conditions for economic growth and the establishment of a self-sustaining free economy based on competition and free enterprise, and reducing insofar as possible government intervention in the economy.
h. Developing and promoting the development towns and distressed neighborhoods.
i. Demanding government responsibility for a satisfactory level of personal security, education health, employment, and quality of the environment.
Article 3: Membership
Membership in the party
1. A citizen of Israel, resident in the country, who identifies with the goals and the party and is not a member of another political party is eligible for membership in the party.
2. A person will not be accepted for membership if he has been convicted by a competent court of law in a peremptory ruling of an offense involving moral turpitude, from one year after the verdict or from the last day of serving the sentence, whichever is later.
3. A party member will uphold the bylaws of the constitution, heed the decisions of the party's institutions and authorities, and help realize the party's goals.
Application to join the party
5. A request to join the party will be signed by the applicant for membership on an application form ‘Membership application' and will include the following:
1. The applicant's declaration that he identifies with the party's goals.
2. A declaration that the applicant is not a member of another political party.
3. Authorization to bill the applicant ‘s bank account for membership fees .
10. The member will pay annual membership fees to the party
11. Membership fees will be paid by a bank transfer crediting the bank account of the party.
Membership in a local branch of the party
15. Members will be registered in the local branch of the party only. A member who is attending an educational institution may be registered at the branch where the educational institution is located.
For this purpose, his place of residence shall be the place where he is registered in the population registry.
A member may belong to only one branch.
The right to vote and be elected
18. A member is eligible to vote for the party's institutions and those of the branch where he is a member on condition that he has been a member of the party for a minimum of 16 months preceding the date of elections and that he has regularly paid annual membership fees.
A member is eligible to be elected to such institutions on condition that he has been a member of the party at least two years before the relevant date and has paid annual membership fees.
A member is eligible to be elected on the party's list to the Knesset, the World Zionist Organization, to the head of local government or regional councils, or the Histadrute of Workers or any other institution which does not belong to the party on condition that he has been a member of the party for a minimum of three years before presenting his candidacy and has paid annual membership fees.
Central party institutions
Article 5: The Convention
The supreme institution
50. The Convention , and between sessions of the Convention, the Central Committee are the supreme institutions of the party and they are authorized to make decisions relating to all the affairs of the party.
51. The delegates to the party convention will become members of the Central Committee between conventions.
The elected convention opening with its first session will convene within 90 days of the publication of the results of the elections for this institution. It will be adjourned within 90 days and not less than 30 days after its opening, after electing the chairman of the Central Committee, the chairman of the secretariat, and the chairman of the party office.
The first session of the Central Committee will convene within 30 days of the adjournment of the Convention .
53. Elections for the Convention will take place every four years from the date of its adjournment. Elections will not be held for the Convention within the period of one year before elections for the Knesset or local government unless the Central Committee has decided otherwise.
The authorities of the Convention and the Central Committee
55. The Convention is authorized to make decisions relating to the party constitution and to amend it periodically by a majority vote of those participating in the vote.
(b) The Convention shall elect the court of the Likud Party and the control committee.
(c)The Convention shall elect its chairman, presidency and committees, and is authorized to decide on its working procedures.
(d) The Convention and the Central Committee are authorized to pass resolutions and to amend them.
(E) (1)The Central Committee is authorized to amend the constitution, except for clause 80, by a two-thirds majority of those taking part in the vote; in the case of a proposal sent to it by the Convention on condition that it is less than 18 months since the adjournment of the Convention - by a majority of the participants in the vote.
(E)(2) The Convention and the Central Committee have one standing Constitution Committee.
Proceedings of the Central Committee
78. The Central Committee decides all matters of the party between conventions, on condition that this authority was not granted to another institution under this constitution.
79. The Central Committee is authorized by a majority vote of its members to change any decision of the convention. Any such amendment made by the Central Committee will be brought to the knowledge of the convention at the next session after the decision is made and the decision will not become valid unless ratified by the convention.
80. Any decision made by the party regarding a connection with another political entity will be made by the Central Committee and requires a majority vote of its members.
81. The Central Committee will meet every six months and at least once a year.
82. The agenda and date of the Central Committee session, except for a meeting called under par. 84(a) will be coordinated between the Central Committee and the chairman of the party. In the event of dispute, the chairman of the party will decide.
83. Convening and organizing the Central Committee session will be done by the organizational division of the party.
Article 6: The Likud Party Chairman
84(a)(1) The Likud party leader will be elected at a date to be determined by the Central Committee and no later than six months before the date of the Knesset elections.(b) The chairman of the Likud will be elected in elections that are personal, general, direct, and secret, by the entire voting body as registered in the voter's registry.
85. The head of the Likud is the party's candidate to be Prime Minster of the State of Israel.
86. (a) In elections for the head of the Likud, the candidate to win the highest number of valid votes, which is at least 40% of the total votes, will be elected.
(b) In the event, that no candidate wins this number of votes, there will be a second round of voting within 14 days of the first round.
(c ) The second round of voting will be held between the candidate who won the highest number of votes and the candidate who won the next highest number of votes.
(e) In the event that in the second round, both candidates win the same number of votes, they will total the number of votes from the first round and the second round, and the one with the highest cumulative number of votes will win.
If after the second round, there is still parity between the candidates, the Likud convention or Central Committee will decide the winner, as the case may be.
The authority of the chairman of the party
87. The chairman will open the discussions of the party convention.
88. The chairman is authorized to bring before the party convention and its committees as well as before any institution and any authority of the party his proposal for a resolution. Such proposal will be brought for a vote at the first opportunity unless the chairman has agreed to postpone the vote or the majority of participants have voted to dismiss the motion.
89. The chairman will appoint the chairman of the Likud elections committee for Knesset, local government, and Histadrut elections.
91(a) When setting the date for the elections for the party chairman, the Central Committee will elect a committee to oversee the direct elections for the party chairman (hereinafter: the control committee) and appoint as its head a retired judge either of the Supreme Court or of a district court.
Article 11: The Knesset Faction
137. The members of the party in the Knesset and members of the government of the party who are not members of Knesset will constitute the Likud faction in the Knesset.
138 (a) The faction will election a chairperson of the faction and members of the faction's administration.
(b) The faction will elect a deputy speaker of the Knesset, chairpersons for the various Knesset committees, as well as members of the Knesset committees.
(c) The faction will elect every candidate for other positions who are to be elected by law in the Knesset plenum and/or any of its committees, excluding candidates for minister and deputy-minister positions.
138.(d) The Knesset faction shall represent the party in the spirit of the principles of the party, taking into consideration the decision of its authorized institutions, and shall act in every issue related to the activities and authority of the Knesset.
Method of election
139 (a) After electing the chairman of the party, as stated in par. 84(b) the entire body of party members will elect the rest of the candidates for the Likud list for the Knesset, also to be conducted through personal, general, direct, and secret elections. The regional representatives of the Likud for the Knesset will be elected by the membership of that region only. The Central Committee will determine the procedure for holding elections after a decision in the constitutional committee.
140 The Likud Central Committee will convene a central election committee and a control committee to oversee the direct elections for the Likud list for the Knesset.
141. Both of these committees will be headed by a retired justice, either of the Supreme Court or of a district court, and the number of committee members on each committee will not exceed nine.
Members who presented their candidacy for the Knesset list cannot be members of either of these committees.
141. Direct elections for the Likud Knesset list will be held no later than six months before the general elections for the Knesset.
Article 12: The Likud faction in the Histadrut
142. Likud party members who are members of the Histadrut Klallit (General Federation of Laborers in the Land of Israel") will constitute the ‘Likud faction of the Histadrut'.
143. The faction will act according to the constitution of the party with the revisions as required by each matter.
(b) The faction will be the sole representative of the party in the Histadrut and its branches.
(c) Decisions made by the party's institutions will apply to this faction.
(d) Members of the Likud faction and its institutions will be subordinate to the courts of the party.
(e) The faction will be subject to inspection by the party control committee.
(f) Dismissing or suspending members from the faction will be done as is the practice for all members of the party.